An Introduction THE BOOK Steam Men Electric Man The Airships

THE READES
Frank Sr., Frank Jr., Frank III, and Kate were described by their biographer Luis Senarens as
"distinguished inventors of marvelous machines in the line of steam and electricity."
Beginning in the mid-1870s and continuing for over 40 years, the Reades produced a strikingly wide variety of inventions, from helicopter airships to carriage-pulling robots.
These devices were constructed in their massive machine shops and foundries in Readestown, Pennsylvania. At one point in 1893 (the same year
Archibald Campion unveiled his mechanical man, Boilerplate) the Reades had nearly 1000 people employed in the construction of their experimental vehicles.
Reade inventions included
electric locomotives, one-person battery-powered electric flying suits, "electric cannons" (pneumatic machine guns), an early version of the instant camera, motorcycle-like bicycle cars, armed and armored all-terrain omnibuses, chariot-like "electric phaetons," and ships that could also travel under the water.

In 1883, New York publisher Frank Tousey launched a new magazine:

Pictured within the masthead, from left to right: Kate Reade and the Steam Horse; Frank Reade Jr., wearing his ubiquitous nautical cap; Frank Reade Sr. and Jr. with the Steam Man Mark II.

The Frank Reade Library was an attempt to meet the demand for information about the Reade clan's exploits and inventions. Although never officially endorsed by the Reade estate, the magazines' exaggerated accounts of the family’s adventures were actually based on their own records and log books. For publishers such as Tousey, the practice of fancifully extrapolating the exploits of famous figures was a time-honored tradition. Other legends of the age, from Wyatt Earp and Buffalo Bill to Tom Edison and Teddy Roosevelt, were also given incredible embellishments in their own magazines—referred to at the time as "dime novels."

A Reade Family Timeline

1840 Frank Reade is born.
1862 Frank Reade Jr. is born.
1868 John Brainerd builds the Steam Man.
1875 Frank Reade meets Pompei DuSable and Barney O’Shea.
Barney and Pomp aid the family up through World War I.
1876 Frank Reade, at 36, builds Steam Man Mark II.
1879 Frank Reade Jr., at 18, builds Steam Man Mark III.
Luis Senarens begins his chronicle of the family.
1882 Frank Reade III is born.
1883 Kate Reade is born.
1883 Frank Reade Jr. builds his first electric helicopter airship.
1885 Frank Reade Jr., constructs the Electric Man.
1893
Archibald Campion builds Boilerplate .
1912 Frank Reade Sr. and wife, Mary, die when Titanic sinks.
Frank Reade III attends Archibald Campion’s 50th birthday.
1917 Frank Reade III is killed in WWI.
1932 Frank Reade Jr. dies at 71.
1937
Kate Reade disappears in one of her helicopter airships over the South Pacific Ocean.


Kate Reade


Baby Kate Reade with father Frank Jr.

Barney O'Shea &
Pompei Du Sable
.

Mechanical experts and invaluable assistants to the Reades.
Senarens described DuSable as "one of the finest horsemen living."


Luis Senarens (1863-1939)
Luis was a Cuban-American living in Brooklyn. At the age of 14, he paid his own way to Readestown, Pennsylvania, to witness the first public test of the Steam Man Mark III. While there, he convinced the Reades to allow him to write their biographies. New York publisher Frank Tousey (who already had a publishing deal with the Reades) was skeptical about Senarens' age, but because previous accounts of the Reades' adventures had seen print under the byline of "Noname," Tousey knew Senarens could be replaced if nessesary. His worries proved groundless, and Senarens went on to pen hundreds of Frank Reade accounts. While recording the exploits of the Reade family, Luis Senarens also wrote under 27 pseudonyms, writing an estimated 500 novels in his lifetime.

One year after Luis Senarens' story of the Steam Man Mark III, he received a letter of praise from French author Jules Verne. Luis's account had inspired him to write "The Steam House" (1880). Years later, the exploits of Frank Reade Jr.'s heilicopter airships (begining in 1883) inspired Verne to write the novel "Robur the Conquerer" (1886)--about a sort of airborne Captain Nemo, traveling the skies in a helicopter airship.
(This Verne tale was made into a movie, Master of the World with Vincent Price and Charles Bronson.)

Purchase beautifully restored, full color art prints of Frank Reade adventures.

Reade at Etsy

An Introduction
THE BOOK
Steam Men
Electric Man
The Airships

The Victorian Robots Menu Page

All contents copyright 2002, 2012 Paul Guinan.
Questions and comments:

guinan at bigredhair dot com